Speak Irish: A House by the Roadside Shortens Your Journey

 Speak Irish: “Teach ar bhéal bóthar ní haistear é ach cóngar.” 
 (chawk ar vail bo-her nee haash-ter ay ach kohn-ger) A House by the roadside shortens your journey.

The pubs along the Wild Atlantic Way are fantastic places to visit on a cool, often  damp, spring or fall day.  The aroma of peat hits you as you walk in, and a bowl of chowder or a cup of hot tea will warm you quickly. In the past few months we’ve covered topics that we can use along with this months vocabulary, to have a simple conversation in one of those pubs and to order a drink or a bite to eat. In the meantime don’t wait to visit Ireland to use your Irish, the opportunity is always there waiting for us.

Vocabulary

Feoil (fee-ole)                                                                            meat                                                                                                                   

Turcaí  (turkey)                                                                          turkey

Uaineoil  (oon-ole)                                                                    lamb

Liamhás  (lee-voss)                                                                  ham                   

Mairteoil (mort-ole)                                                                 beef   

Lacha  (lock-ah)                                                                        duck

Muiceoil (mwi-ke ole)                                                              pork

Stéig (stay-g)                                                                              steak

Torthaí (tor-hee)                                                                       fruit

Úlla  (ool-a)                                                                                apples

Peitseoga (pet-soga)                                                                peaches

Neachtairíní (nek-tah ree-nee)                                               necterines

Liomóidí (limb-o-dee)                                                               lemons

Bananaí  (banan-ee)                                                                  bananas

Oráistí  (or-osh-tee)                                                                   oranges

Mealbhacáin uisce   (malv-a-con ish-ka)                                watermelon                                                       
Glasraí  (gloss-ree)                                                                     vegetables

Tráitaí (traw-tee)                                                                        tomatoes

Leitís (let-eesh)                                                                            lettuce

Tornapaí (turn-a pea)                                                                 turnips

Cabáiste (ca-bosh-ta)                                                                  cabbage

Cairéid (car-aid)                                                                            carrots

Prátaí  (praw-tee)                                                                         potatoes

Oinniúin (un-yoon)                                                                       onion

Deochanna (jowk-ahnna)                                                             drinks

Caife dubh (kah-fay duv)                                                              black coffee

Tae láidir (tay lah-jer)                                                                    strong tea

Tae lag  (tay-lag)                                                                             weak tea

Ar mhaith leat deoch?(ar vah laht jowhk)                                 Would you like a drink?

An mbeidh deoch agat? (an mayd jowh ah-gut)                       Will you have a drink?

An bhfuil ocras ort? (an will oh kruss ort)                                   Are you hungry?

An bhfuil tart ort?  (an will tart ort)                                             Are you thirsty?

Tá tart orm.  (taw tart ort)                                                             I’m thirsty.

Tá ocras orm.  (taw oh-kruss ort)                                                 I’m hungry.

An bhfuil tú réidh le hordú? (an will too ray le hor-doo)           Are you ready to order?

An bhfuil sibh réidh le hordu? (an will shiv ray le hor-doo)       Are you ready to order?  Plural

Leat   (laht)                                                                                         for you/ with you

Ba  (buh)                                                                                              it would be                                                     
Ar – (ur)                                                                                               would it be

Liom  (lum)                                                                                          for me / with me

Mise, an  ea? (meesha ahn ah)                                                        Me, is it? Who me?

Ba mhaith leat (ba vah laht)                                                             You would like

Ba mhaith leat rud éigin a ithe. (ba vah laht rud a-gin a ih-ha)   You would like something to eat.

Ar mhaith leat? (ar vah laht)                                                              Would you like?

Ar mhaith leat rud éigin a ithe? (ar vah laht rud a-gin a ih-ha)    Would you like something to eat?

Ba mhaith. (ba vah)                                                                            Yes. (it would be well)

Nior mhaith (neer vah)                                                                       No (it would not be well)

Ba mhaith liom.(ba vah lum)                                                             I would like (it would be well with me)

Ba mhaith, ba mhaith liom rud éigin a ithe. (ba vah lum rud a-ginn a ih-ha)    Yes, I would like something to eat.

Ba mhaith liom rud éigin a ól. (ba vah lum rud a-ginn a ol)         I would like something to drink.

Sú oráiste (soo oh-rash-ta)                                                                orange juice

Ubh / an ubh (oov/ahn oov)                                                              egg / the egg

Putóg / an phutóg (puh-toeg/ahn fuh-toeg)                                   pudding / the pudding

Ispín / an t-ispín / ispíní (ish-peen/an tish-peen/ish-peen-ee)    sausage / the sausage / sausages

Bagún / an bagún (bah-goon/an bah-goon)                                    bacon / the bacon

Arán bán /  an t-arán bán (ah-rawn bahn/ an ta-rawn bahn)       white bread / the white bread

Arán donn / an t-arán donn(ah-rawn dun/ahm ta-rawn dun)     brown bread / the brown bread

Tósta / an tósta (tost-ah/ahn tost-ah)                                              toast / the toast

Im / an t-im (im/ahn tim)                                                                   butter / the butter

Cupán tae / an cupán tae (cup-ahn tay/ahn cup-ahn tay)             tea / the tea

Caife / an caife (ka-fay/ ahn ka-fay)                                                  coffee / the coffee

Siúcra / an siúcra (shoo-kra/ahn shoo-kra)                                      sugar / the sugar

Gloine bainne (glon-yah bahn-yah)                                                  glass of milk

Spúnóg amháin (spoo-nog ah-wahn)                                                one spoon

Dhá spúnóg (gah spoo-nog)                                                                two spoons

Trí spúnóg (tree spoo-nog)                                                                 three spoons

Anraith / an t-anraith (ahn-rah/ahn tahn-rah)                                 soup / the soup

Milseog / an mhilseog (mill-shog/ahn vill-shog)                              dessert / the dessert

Briosca / an briosca / brioscaí (brish-ka/ahn brish-ka/brish-kee) biscuit / the biscuit / biscuits

Sailéad torthaí (sahl-ayd tor-hee)                                                       fruit salad

Feoil / an fheoil (fee-ole/ ahn ee-ole)                                                meat / the meat

Sicín rósta/ an sicín rósta (shih-keen rost-ah)                                   roast chicken / the roast chicken

Bia mara / an bia mara (bee-uh mar-ah)                                            seafood / the seafood

Iasc / an t-iasc (ishk/ ahn tishk)                                                          fish / the fish

Uisce (ish-ka)                                                                                          water                                                       
uisce beatha (ish-ka bah-hah)                                                            whiskey (water of life)

Deoch bhog / deohanna boga (jowhk wog/juh-hanna bo-ga)     soft drink / soft drinks  

Beoir /an bheior  (byore/ahn vyore)                                                beer / the beer

Pionta beorach (pyonta byore-ach)                                                  pint of beer

Gloine beorach (glon-yah byore-ach)                                               glass of beer

Fíon / an fíon (fee-un/ ahn fee-un)                                                   wine / the wine

Buidéal fíona (bu-dahl fee-uh-na)                                                     bottle of wine

Gloine fíona (glon-yah fee-uh-na)                                                    glass of wine

Freastalaí (frahs-ta lee)                                                                   waiter                                                              
an freastalaí (ahn frahs-ta-lee)                                                     the waiter                                                 
freastalaithe (frahs-ta-lee-ha)                                                      waiters

Biachlár / an biachlár (bee-uh-clar/ahn bee-uh-clar)                menu / the menu

Remember, there are two types of vowel groupings, broad and slender: a,o,and u are broad and e and i are slender.
A broad vowel would cause the lenited bh combination to be pronounced as a w, a slender vowel would make it be pronounced as a v.

SAMPLE CONVERSATION:

Waiter: Dia daoibh. (dee-uh yeev)

Seán agus Mairéad: Dia’s Muire duit.  (dee-us morra gwit)

Waiter: Anois, Cad é a ba mhaith libh? (ah-nesh, kah-jay a ba vah liv)

Seán: Ba mhaith liomsa pionta beorach, le do thoil. (ba vah lum-sa pyonta byore-ach, le duh hall)

Waiter: Agus tú féin, cad é a ba mhaith leatsa? (ah-gus too fayne, kah-jay a ba vah laht-sa)

Mairéad: Ba mhaith liom cupán tae, le do thoil. (ba vah lum cup-ahn tay, le duh hall)

Waiter:  Ar mhaith leat bainne agus siúcra le do chuid tae? (ar vah laht bahn-yah ah-gus shoo-kra le duh kuyd tay)

Mairéad: Ba mhaith liom bainne, le do thoil.(ba vah lum bahn-yah)

Waiter: Ceart go leor. (kyart guh lore)

Notice the waiter used the plural form to greet Seán and Mairéad, and they replied together in the singular. Their waiter than asked in the plural what they would like. Seán and the waiter also used the emphatic forms of liom and leat in there conversation. See if you can build on this conversation by refering back to previous lessons.

Slán go Fóill!

*Bob Carney is a student of Irish history and language and teaches the Speak Irish Cleveland class held every Tuesday @Pj McIntyre’s. He is also active in the Irish Wolfhounds and Irish dogs organizations in and around Cleveland. Wife Mary and hounds Cian and Morrighanand terrier Doolin keep the house jumping. He can be contacted at carneyspeakirish@gmail.com.

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